Materials, Waste & Recycling
The production and disposal of stuff is a significant source of emissions. This topic offers ways to do these better and to reduce unnecessary waste. This topic also includes a section on hydrofluorocarbons, a type of gas used in refrigerants and air conditioners that has extremely high global warming potential. Please vote to identify shared goals.
. Mandate reclamation and disposal programs to ensure capture and removal of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) from existing equipment.
. Establish a fee/rebate system and other incentives to ensure recovery and collection by the producer of equipment with ODS (ozone-depleting substances) & HFCs.
. Ban the use of non-refillable cylinders for recovery, transport, distribution, and sale of high-GWP ODS and HFC refrigerants.
. Provide funding to recover and destroy all supplies of high-GWP ODS and HFC refrigerants in bulk storage facilities.
. Require improved refrigerant management practices for leak detection and repair.
. Require and enforce technician certification for handling and recovery of HFC refrigerants.
. Require that servicing, repair, disposal, or installation of HFCs be performed by a trained technician to minimize release of substances and ensure safety.
. Mandate life cycle climate performance reporting of all equipment that contains chemicals with high global warming potential.
. Require annual inventory and reporting of HFC and ODS produced, imported, exported, reclaimed, destroyed, and consumed.
. Require owners and operators of large commercial and industrial refrigeration and air conditioning equipment to report information on amounts and types of refrigerant used, servicing, and maintenance into a central database.
. Require notification to consumers of prohibition on use of prohibited substances.
. Require manufacturers of refrigerant equipment to keep records of sales.
. Ensure energy-efficiency programs account for life-cycle climate performance of equipment, use, leakage and disposal.
. Modify Energy Star efficiency rating system to include refrigerants and foam-blowing agents.
. Establish criminal fines and liability for individuals releasing HFCs into the air and for under-reporting.
. Ratify and implement the United Nations Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).
. Eliminate use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in light duty vehicles.
. Reduce production and consumption of HFCs to 30% of baseline by 2029 and 15% by 2036 (conforming to Kigali amendment phasedown schedule.)
. Create financial incentives for installing low global-warming-potential refrigeration systems.
. Institute an allowance and trading program, regulated by the EPA, to phase down HFCs.
. Require a federal report that identifies and evaluates substitutes for high-GWP HFCs and includes the earliest possible dates at which each sector of the economy can cease producing, using, and emitting fluorinated compounds.
. Create targeted plastic bans to support growth of biopolymers (bioplastics).
. Mandate minimum state rates of recycling.
. Reduce waste generation and redesign waste management systems to achieve zero waste strategies.
. Mandate deposits on aluminum. glass, plastic and bi-metal containers.
. Mandate that all single-use packaging be recyclable or compostable.
. Develop incentives and policy to maximize local manufacturing using local recycled material.
. Invest in research in sustainable, non toxic materials and closed-loop cycles that eliminate waste and pollution.
. Create a standard list of plastic products that are reusable, recyclable or compostable, using information from local governments and applicable waste treatment facilities.
. Create recycling requirements for the apparel industry value chain.
. Seek to reduce waste to zero by 2040 by changes to product content, disposal, manufacturing processes, packaging, and resource recovery through recycling and composting.
. Institute a 10-cent national refund requirement for all beverage containers, regardless of material, to be refunded to customers when they return containers.
. Mandate a 75% reduction of single-use packaging and single-use plastic products by 2030, exempting medical and sterile devices.
. Ban single-use plastic straws, unless requested for physical or medical condition.
. Ban polystyrene foam packaging, including for prepared food from food vendors, and the packaging of meat, eggs, bakery products, or other food.
. Mandate GHG reduction targets from fossil energy and industrial sources, including the entire plastic lifecycle.
. Mandate a charge for purchase of recycled paper or reusable bags, except for customers using low-income purchasing programs.
. Mandate that all single-use packaging and priority single-use products offered for sale, sold, distributed, or imported be recyclable or compostable.
. Require plastic beverage containers to include an increasing percentage of recycled content, adding other products after review by National Institute of Standards and Technology.
. Develop EPA standardized recycling and composting labels for products and receptacles to encourage proper sorting and disposal of items.
. Create urban programs to reuse lumber.
. Introduce extended producer responsibility to make producers of plastic products responsible for reducing and recycling.
. Stop new and expanded oil, gas, petrochemical and plastic production infrastructure.
. Ban incineration and open burning of plastic.
. Prevent the export of plastic waste, scrap and pairings to non-OECD countries, many of whom have been a major source of ocean plastic pollution due to their inability to manage the waste.
. Put moratorium on new plastic production facilities, pending review of environmental impacts of existing facilities, and require existing facilities to eliminate plastic pollution.
. Mandate consumer rights to lasting and durable products, repair within a minimum statutory warranty, and recyclability.
. Require energy and emissions control audits of energy-intensive, trade-exposed manufacturers (iron, steel, aluminum, pulp, paper, cement) to ensure that best available energy efficiency and greenhouse gas control practices are being used.
. Create tradable energy credits and allocate to energy-intensive, trade-exposed (EITE) entities, including manufacturers of: cement, crushed/broken stone; frozen fruit, juice and vegetable; iron and steel; polystyrene foam; glass containers; ethyl alcohol; reconstituted wood; gypsum; pulp; paper; semiconductor and related devices; basic inorganic chemicals; other plastics; mineral wool.
. Require that steel manufacturers, which use huge amounts of electricity, procure 100% renewable energy by 2030.
. Require steel manufacturers to set annual energy efficiency goals and include progress in public disclosure.
. Steel manufacturers should disclose sources of energy and emissions.
. Require large fashion retailers to use 100% recycled or sustainable materials by 2030.
. Require large fashion retailers to phase out virgin polyester.
. Require all manufacturers of leather products to report on the source of raw materials, ensuring that animals are not raised on deforested lands.
. AEIA: Establish a joint industry-government partnership to research, develop and demonstrate new sustainable manufacturing and industrial technologies and processes.
. AEIA: Establish a rebate program to encourage replacement of energy inefficient electric motors and transformers.
. AEIA: Establish a program focused on technological competitiveness and industrial emissions reduction technologies for iron, steel, steel mill products, aluminum, cement, glass, pulp, paper, and industrial ceramics.
. AEIA: Establish a program to minimize environmental impacts by designing products that enable reuse, refurbishment, remanufacturing, and recycling.
. AEIA: Provide assistance to state, local, and tribal governments to implement industrial emissions reductions and accelerate technology development.
. AEIA: Develop a national plan and technical assistance for smart manufacturing technology development and deployment to improve productivity and efficiency of the domestic manufacturing sector.
. Incentivize the use of electric technology and energy management for industrial facilities.
. Promote carbon capture, utilization, and storage for industrial uses.
. Measure and report on job creation, worker safety adherence, pollution reduction progress, and life cycle management for all goods produced.
. Create a clean‐technology industrial bank (like a “green bank”) to deploy clean manufacturing for the clean energy economy.