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Materials, Waste & Recycling

The production and disposal of stuff is a significant source of emissions. This topic offers ways to do these better and to reduce unnecessary waste. This topic also includes a section on hydrofluorocarbons, a type of gas used in refrigerants and air conditioners that has extremely high global warming potential. Please vote to identify shared goals.

Sub Topics

 Refrigerant Management

. Mandate reclamation and disposal programs to ensure capture and removal of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) from existing equipment.

Documents: DB39 D62

. Establish a fee/rebate system and other incentives to ensure recovery and collection by the producer of equipment with ODS (ozone-depleting substances) & HFCs.

Documents: D62

. Ban the use of non-refillable cylinders for recovery, transport, distribution, and sale of high-GWP ODS and HFC refrigerants.

Documents: D62

. Provide funding to recover and destroy all supplies of high-GWP ODS and HFC refrigerants in bulk storage facilities.

Documents: D62

. Require improved refrigerant management practices for leak detection and repair.

Documents: D62

. Require and enforce technician certification for handling and recovery of HFC refrigerants.

Documents: D62

. Require that servicing, repair, disposal, or installation of HFCs be performed by a trained technician to minimize release of substances and ensure safety.

Documents: DB39

. Mandate life cycle climate performance reporting of all equipment that contains chemicals with high global warming potential.

Documents: D6

. Require annual inventory and reporting of HFC and ODS produced, imported, exported, reclaimed, destroyed, and consumed.

Documents: DB39 D62 DL87

. Require owners and operators of large commercial and industrial refrigeration and air conditioning equipment to report information on amounts and types of refrigerant used, servicing, and maintenance into a central database.

Documents: D62

. Mandate labeling of all refrigerants in all products and equipments.

Documents: D31 DL87

. Require notification to consumers of prohibition on use of prohibited substances.

Documents: DL96

. Require manufacturers of refrigerant equipment to keep records of sales.

Documents: DL96

. Ensure energy-efficiency programs account for life-cycle climate performance of equipment, use, leakage and disposal.

Documents: D6

. Modify Energy Star efficiency rating system to include refrigerants and foam-blowing agents.

Documents: DB101

. Establish criminal fines and liability for individuals releasing HFCs into the air and for under-reporting.

Documents: DL87

. Require energy and emissions control audits of energy-intensive, trade-exposed manufacturers (iron, steel, aluminum, pulp, paper, cement) to ensure that best available energy efficiency and greenhouse gas control practices are being used.

Documents: DL57

. Create tradeable energy credits and allocate to energy-intensive, trade-exposed (EITE) entities, including manufacturers of: cement, crushed/broken stone; frozen fruit, juice and vegetable; iron and steel; polystyrene foam; glass containers; ethyl alcohol; reconstituted wood; gypsum; pulp; paper; semiconductor and related devices; basic inorganic chemicals; other plastics; mineral wool.

Documents: DB114

 Alternative Refrigerants

. Ratify and implement the United Nations Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

Documents: D6 D31

. Ban refrigerants with high-global warming potential (GWP) by 2021.

Documents: D31 D62 DL87 DL96

. Eliminate use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in light duty vehicles.

Documents: DL87

. Reduce production and consumption of HFCs to 30% of baseline by 2029 and 15% by 2036 (conforming to Kigali amendment phasedown schedule.)

Documents: DB39

. Create financial incentives for installing low global-warming-potential refrigeration systems.

Documents: DL102

. Create green purchasing programs to eliminate hydrofluorocarbon equipment.

Documents: D6 DL87

. Institute an allowance and trading program, regulated by the EPA, to phase down HFCs.

Documents: DB39

. Require a federal report that identifies and evaluates substitutes for high-GWP HFCs and includes the earliest possible dates at which each sector of the economy can cease producing, using, and emitting fluorinated compounds.

Documents: DB101

 Alternative Cement

. Provide incentives to move toward low-carbon cement and concrete production.

Documents: D1 D103

. Create targeted plastic bans to support growth of biopolymers (bioplastics).

Documents: D1

. Mandate minimum state rates of recycling.

Documents: D6

. Reduce waste generation and redesign waste management systems to achieve zero waste strategies.

Documents: D18 D66

. Mandate deposits on aluminum. glass, plastic and bi-metal containers.

Documents: DL129

. Mandate that all single-use packaging be recyclable or compostable.

Documents: DB40

. Develop incentives and policy to maximize local manufacturing using local recycled material.

Documents: DB40

. Invest in research in sustainable, non toxic materials and closed-loop cycles that eliminate waste and pollution.

Documents: D49

. Create a standard list of plastic products that are reusable, recyclable or compostable, using information from local governments and applicable waste treatment facilities.

Documents: DB40

. Create recycling requirements for the apparel industry value chain.

Documents: D55

 Waste Reduction

. Seek to reduce waste to zero by 2040 by changes to product content, disposal, manufacturing processes, packaging, and resource recovery through recycling and composting.

Documents: D21 DB94

. Institute a 10-cent national refund requirement for all beverage containers, regardless of material, to be refunded to customers when they return containers.

Documents: DB94

. Mandate a 75% reduction of single-use packaging and single-use plastic products by 2030, exempting medical and sterile devices.

Documents: DB40

. Outlaw the production and use of single-use, disposable plastic products.

Documents: D54 D66 DB94

. Ban single-use plastic bags at retail establishments.

Documents: D93 DB94 DL131

. Ban single-use plastic straws, unless requested for physical or medical condition.

Documents: D93 DB94

. Prohibit food vendors from distributing plastic utensils.

Documents: DB94 DL131

. Ban polystyrene foam packaging, including for prepared food from food vendors, and the packaging of meat, eggs, bakery products, or other food.

Documents: D93 DB94 DL131

. Mandate GHG reduction targets from fossil energy and industrial sources, including the entire plastic lifecycle.

Documents: D54

. Mandate a charge for purchase of recycled paper or reusable bags, except for customers using low-income purchasing programs.

Documents: D93 DB94

. Mandate that all single-use packaging and priority single-use products offered for sale, sold, distributed, or imported be recyclable or compostable.

Documents: DB40

. Require plastic beverage containers to include an increasing percentage of recycled content, adding other products after review by National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Documents: DB94

. Develop EPA standardized recycling and composting labels for products and receptacles to encourage proper sorting and disposal of items.

Documents: DB94

. Create urban programs to reuse lumber.

Documents: DB51

. Introduce extended producer responsibility to make producers of plastic products responsible for reducing and recycling.

Documents: D54 DB94

. Stop new and expanded oil, gas, petrochemical and plastic production infrastructure.

Documents: D54 DB94

. Ban incineration and open burning of plastic.

Documents: D54

. Prevent the export of plastic waste, scrap and pairings to non-OECD countries, many of whom have been a major source of ocean plastic pollution due to their inability to manage the waste.

Documents: DB94

. Put moratorium on new plastic production facilities, pending review of environmental impacts of existing facilities, and require existing facilities to eliminate plastic pollution.

Documents: DB94

. Mandate consumer rights to lasting and durable products, repair within a minimum statutory warranty, and recyclability.

Documents: D120

 Manufacturing

. Require that steel manufacturers, which use huge amounts of electricity, procure 100% renewable energy by 2030.

Documents: D122

. Require steel manufacturers to set annual energy efficiency goals and include progress in public disclosure.

Documents: D122

. Steel manufacturers should disclose sources of energy and emissions.

Documents: D122

. Require large fashion retailers to use 100% recycled or sustainable materials by 2030.

Documents: D72

. Require large fashion retailers to phase out virgin polyester.

Documents: D72

. Require all manufacturers of leather products to report on the source of raw materials, ensuring that animals are not raised on deforested lands.

Documents: D72

. AEIA: Establish a joint industry-government partnership to research, develop and demonstrate new sustainable manufacturing and industrial technologies and processes.

Documents: DB145

. AEIA: Establish a rebate program to encourage replacement of energy inefficient electric motors and transformers.

Documents: DB145

. AEIA: Establish a program focused on technological competitiveness and industrial emissions reduction technologies for iron, steel, steel mill products, aluminum, cement, glass, pulp, paper, and industrial ceramics.

Documents: DB145

. AEIA: Establish a program to minimize environmental impacts by designing products that enable reuse, refurbishment, remanufacturing, and recycling.

Documents: DB145

. AEIA: Provide assistance to state, local, and tribal governments to implement industrial emissions reductions and accelerate technology development.

Documents: DB145

. AEIA: Develop a national plan and technical assistance for smart manufacturing technology development and deployment to improve productivity and efficiency of the domestic manufacturing sector.

Documents: DB145

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