Greenhouse Gas Policy
Some ideas in our research involved general greenhouse gas policies that cut across sectors; you will find them here. You will also find ideas related to whether and how to put a fee on carbon or otherwise use market-based mechanisms to reduce emissions. Please vote to identify shared goals.
. CLEAN Future Act: 100% clean economy - net-zero emissions - by 2050.
. CLEAN Future Act: Require all states to develop plans for net-zero GHG emissions on or before 2050. Provide model plans and grants, and impose penalties for non-performance.
. Create a mandatory registry and reporting system from individual sources of GHG.
. Require businesses and organizations with annual revenue of $10 million or more to submit plans to end their GHG emissions.
. Create public websites for transparency on all plans and related GHG information.
. Ensure that entities that reduced their emissions prior to mandates receive appropriate credit.
. Conduct analysis of the economic and social costs and benefits, and impact on business and workforce, of any carbon policies and energy sector mandates.
. CLEAN Future Act: Establish a National Climate Bank to mobilize financing for low- and zero-emissions energy technologies; climate resiliency; building efficiency and electrification; industrial decarbonization; grid modernization; agriculture projects; and clean transportation.
. CLEAN Future Act: Require the National Climate Bank to provide technical assistance and start-up operating funds to launch new state and local green banks.
. Adopt more ambitious emission reduction goals to account for the U.S. share of global emissions.
. Create new government agencies, and install senior advisors in each existing office, to conduct quantitative analysis of impacts of new legislation and oversee investments across federal agencies, with a nexus of environmental or climate change.
. Set deadlines and provide funding for EPA to use the Clean Air Act to set a science-based national pollution cap, and put limits on GHGs and other pollutants for cars, trucks, aircraft, ships, smokestacks and other sources.
. Create a "buy clean" law to require tax dollars be spent on goods manufactured in conditions that protect our air, water, and climate.
. Support economic diversification towards low-emission, sustainable products and production processes.
. CLEAN Future Act: Establish Buy Clean Program to reduce emissions from construction materials and products used in all federally funded projects.
. CLEAN Future Act: Establish Assistant Secretary in DOE to manage industrial efficiency initiatives, extends loan guarantee program to industrial decarbonization projects, and creates a technology commercialization program for carbon capture.
. CLEAN Future Act: Develop a national strategy for developing and deploying smart manufacturing technologies; and provide rebates to facilities that purchase or install more efficient electric motor systems.
. Commit to continuously updating climate targets to align with scientific consensus.
. Introduce penalties for investments in "non-renewables" by banks, insurers, and financers, and securities financing transactions.
. Codify a duty on directors of corporations to shift to renewable and sustainable energy, transport, buildings and other practices, with multiplying damages for delay, enforceable by investors, employees, creditors and representative environmental groups.
. Create civil liability for contributing towards climate damage, with personal and punitive liability for those who profit from pollution.
. Recognize that climate damage is criminal damage, and that ecocide is also a crime.
. Renegotiate international criminal law to recognise climate damage that amounts to ecocide is a 'crime against humanity.'
. Establish a "social cost of carbon" to reflect a monetary estimate of the value of not emitting a ton of GHG emissions.
. Establish a charge on fossil fuel producers and large industrial emitters of $30 per metric ton, with annual 5% increase, plus inflation, and $3 per ton increase every two years if emission reductions are not met.
. Establish a fee on producers and importers of fossil fuels of $15 per metric ton of CO2 equivalents, tied to emission reduction targets of 100% from 2020 to 2050.
. Distribute 70% of net revenues from any carbon fee to low- and middle-income Americans as a monthly dividend; 30% for clean energy, including infrastructure, energy innovation, and funds for worker and community transition to cleaner energy economy.
. Distribute 70% of any carbon fee revenue to reduce payroll tax, 10% to social security beneficiaries, and 20% for state block grants to offset higher energy costs for low-income households, and advanced research and development programs on climate adaptation and energy efficiency
. Do not put a moratorium on federal GHG regulation as part of any carbon fee scheme.
. Put a moratorium on federal GHG regulations, in exchange for carbon fee legislation.
. Establish an import fee on fossil fuels and carbon-intensive imported goods.
. Include sequestration in forests, soils, and forest products in any carbon fee or trading regime.
. Create an auction cap-and-trade program for sequestration of carbon in forest and forest products.
. Establish a cap-and-dividend program to limit carbon emissions per year and sell non-tradable permits at auction, then rebate revenue to the public. (In contrast to a carbon tax, a cap-and-dividend provides emissions certainty and price uncertainty.)
. Use regional approaches and technical partnerships to enhance carbon pricing and link existing schemes to address competitiveness concerns.
. Require quasi-public finance entities to include an estimated cost of carbon pollution in all investment decisions.
. EICDA: Establish a carbon fee on refineries and importers of oil and coal, coal mining, natural gas producers and importers, producers of fluorinated gases, and other producers of GHG using such fuels if not already covered.
. EICDA: Reimburse farms for any carbon fee embedded in their fossil fuel purchase.
. EICDA: Reimburse U.S. Armed Forces for carbon fee embedded in their fossil fuel purchase.
. EICDA: Establish reduction targets for GHG emissions from fossil fuels from 2016 baseline, of 5% annually starting in 2025, for a total reduction of 90% by 2050.
. EICDA: Provide refunds of carbon fee to facilities which capture and sequester carbon in a safe and permanent manner.
. EICDA: Allow carbon fee refunds to exporters of fossil fuels and carbon-intensive products.
. EICDA: Distribute 100% of revenue from carbon fee revenue to each adult citizen and lawful resident, with 1/2 share to children under 19 years of age.
. EICDA: Put a moratorium on federal GHG regulations for 10 years, with certain exceptions, including motor vehicles, black carbon, nonroad engines and airplanes.
. EICDA: Do not provide for federal preemption of state law or regulation of GHG.
. Force fossil fuel companies to pay risk bonds to communities in which they operate to fund adaptation and mitigation, and protect against fossil fuel industry insolvency.
. A carbon tax must be high, in line with the IPCC recommendation of at least $135/ton by 2030, and coupled with rebates to the poor.